The word “recalcitrant” refers to someone or something that is stubbornly resistant to authority, control, or guidance. It describes a person or an entity that refuses to comply or cooperate despite efforts to persuade or influence them.

Interesting fact: The word “recalcitrant” originated from the Latin word “recalcitrare,” which means “to kick back.” This reflects the idea of resistance and defiance associated with the term.